India is going to introduce its first state of the art planet’s observation satellite Geo Imaging Satellite (GISAT-1) to be positioned in geostationary orbit on March 5, revealed the Indian Space Agency.
The satellite will give actual time pictures of a huge area of the region of interest at balanced breaks. The GISAT-1 will effectively resume fast inspection of natural disasters, episodic events, and any short term incidents too.
The satellite is also going to offer spectral signatures for agriculture, forestry, mineralogy, disaster warning, cloud properties, snow, glaciers and oceanography, shared Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
It will have payload imaging sensors of six band multi-spectral visible and near infra-red with 42 metres resolution; 158 bands hyper-spectral visible and near infra-red with 318 metres resolution and 256 bands hyper-spectral short wave infra-red with 191 metres resolution.
Weighing 2,268 kg, the GISAT-1 will be transferred by the three-stage geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle (GSLV-F10).
It is expected to lift off at 5.43 p.m. on March 5 from the second launch pad at India’s rocket port at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
About 18 minutes into the flight, the GSLV rocket will first place GISAT-1 in a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). From GTO, the satellite will be taken up further firing its onboard motors to geostationary orbit.
A satellite in geostationary orbit (about 36,000 km above earth) has an orbital period equal to the earth’s rotational period.
A four-metre diameter Ogive shaped payload fairing (heat shield) is being flown for the first time in this GSLV flight. This is the fourteenth flight of the GSLV.